The main causes of leukopenia are:
- Leukemia. Bone marrow begins to produce abnormal white blood cells in large numbers, abnormal in the sense that they are unable to fight infections in the body.
- Systemic lupus erythematosus . It is an autoimmune disease that usually goes by the name lupus or SLE. In these cells and body tissues are attacked by the immune system resulting in tissue damage and inflammation. About a fifth of those suffering from this problem is also suffering from leukopenia.
- Chemotherapy and radiation treatment . Individuals receiving medication for treatment of those who are prone to damaged white blood cells formed in the bone marrow. So to meet this deficiency of white blood cells and other drugs are given to people who suffer from the problem of increasing white blood cell count in patients receiving treatment for chemotherapy and radiation.
- HIV infection. In people with HIV infection of white blood cells are attacked at the beginning of the disease due to the continued weakening of the immune system as time passes and the inability to fight infections.
There are some other causes of low white blood cells. Leukopenia is usually caused by one of the following reasons:
- Aplastic Anemia
- Anorexia Nervosa
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Sjögren syndrome
- Kostmann’s syndrome
- Enlarged spleen ( splenomegaly )
- Hodgkin lymphoma
Although this is most of the causes of leukopenia, there may still be other reasons that can result in low white blood cell count. There are some common types of symptoms there for leukopenia are fever, headache and fatigue . Women on the other hand may have a menstrual period longer the problem of disease leucopenia.